Tuesday, November 4, 2014

100 Resilient Cities: Rethinking the Urban Cemetery

Friday, October 24, 2014

Climate Change and U.S. National Security: Pentagon Releases 2014 Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap

The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) recently released its Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap, a strategy to combat the threats posed by climate change and the potential exacerbation of existing challenges, such as infectious disease.

The Roadmap's opening sentence reads: "Climate change will affect the [DOD's] ability to defend the Nation and poses immediate risks to U.S. national security." The primary goals laid out include:
  1. Identifying and assessing the effects of climate change on the DOD;
  2. Integrating climate change throughout DOD operations and managing associated risks; and
  3. Collaborating with stakeholders on the multifaceted challenges posed by climate change.
If you're in search of some additional reading, check Mark Hertsgaard's piece in Bloomberg Businessweek, The Military Takes on Climate Change Deniers.

Wednesday, October 1, 2014

Call for Proposals Open for the 2nd National Adaptation Forum

The National Adaptation Forum is a biennial gathering created by a group of professionals from the private and public sectors concerned about the need to respond to and prepare for the effects of climate change. 

EcoAdapt, along with several partners, sponsored the 1st National Adaptation Forum in April 2013 in Denver, CO. Next year, we invite you to join us and present your adaptation work May 12-14, 2015 in St. Louis, MO!

The sessions this year are based around EcoAdapt's Adaptation Ladder of EngagementTM, a structure we created to help individuals and organizations assess their State of AdaptationTM.
There are several options available for your submissions:
  • Symposium
  • Individual Talk
  • Training Session
  • Working Group
  • Poster Presentation
  • Tools Café

Tuesday, August 12, 2014

Guest Blog: Better be ready, as El Niño may strike soon

By Emily Wilkinson, Research Fellow, Overseas Development Institute

I was working as a journalist in Peru in 1999 in the aftermath of the 1997-98 El Niño and saw the devastation first hand. Heading north from Lima, the flood damage to houses was very visible. Large sections of road were cut off by landslides, buildings were turned to rubble and cultivated fields laid to waste.

Rising sea surface temperatures suggest that another El Niño is on its way. The UN's weather agency, the World Meteorological Organisation, says there is a 60% chance of it starting before September this year. An El Niño event usually happens every five years, but a severe one hits every 15 to 20 years, so we are due for another.

The El Niño Southern Oscillation, to give it its full title, is characterised by higher water temperatures in equatorial regions of the Pacific Ocean that lead to changes in wind patterns. This has widespread effects, from higher-than-normal rainfall in the Americas, to droughts in India and Australia and heavy snowfall in the UK. If a severe El Niño hits this year it would bring heavy rainfall to South America in December. A lot still needs to be done to protect lives and livelihoods and the next four months are critical.

In Peru, local governments have identified flood control channels and embankment projects that would help minimise losses. This is really encouraging. A recent report published recently by UNDP and ODI says local governments should come up with their own risk management projects and seek support to implement them. But national government bureaucracy in Peru is holding things up. In the border province of Piura, 115 small projects have been identified to prevent flooding and landslides, but none have received funding yet and local officials are getting nervous. There are even calls for the National Public Investment System to relax its rules so projects can start immediately. 
Landslide in Aguas Calientes, Peru (Huldah/Wikimedia Commons)

In neighbouring Ecuador there are problems that may take longer to fix. Disaster risks are not addressed in 90% of Ecuador’s municipal development plans, said a source in a provincial planning department. This means that buildings keep going up in high-risk areas.

Despite these issues, much has changed in South America since 1998. I would expect the overall impact of a severe El Niño to be less. Banks across South America are in better financial shape this year to deal with the costs than in the past, according to Moody's Investors Service. Over the last decade, economic growth, poverty reduction and disaster risk governance  reforms have made Peru and Ecuador more resilient to climate extremes. At the Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in the Americas last month, Ecuador’s Minister of Defence María Fernanda Espinosa, spoke of ‘constant improvements in practices, laws and standards for risk reduction’.

Scientists now know a lot more about the phenomenon and can give advance warning of the kind of El Niño event that is expected. I spoke to UNDP Peru’s Alfredo Zerga, who said that a lot can be done to prepare for a severe El Niño now. Families can find out if their home is in a flood-prone area as all local governments have risk maps, and they can identify points that are higher than the surrounding topography. These actions will certainly help save lives.

So how will South America fare when the next severe El Niño hits? Thanks to strong economic performance, political will and decentralisation of risk management, we have come a long way since 1999, but populations are still at risk and urgent action is needed.

Tuesday, May 6, 2014

Moving Forward: Learning, Planning, Networking and Adapting to Climate Change in the Carolinas

During the Carolinas Climate Resilience Conference last week, it was evident that climate change is already impacting the region. Approximately 200 scientists, academics, local government planners, state officials, business representatives, and non-profit organizations came together to discuss ways to make the region more resilient. The conference was organized by the Carolinas Integrated Sciences and Assessments (CISA) with the goal of providing a platform to share experiences and knowledge of opportunities, tools, resources, local initiatives, and expertise.

The Carolinas are extremely vulnerable to rising seas, increased temperatures, and decreased water availability. The regional report, Climate of the Southeast United States: Variability, Change, Impacts, and Vulnerability – part of the just released Third National Climate Assessment, estimates that the region will see temperature increases, increasing sea levels between 1-4 feet by 2100, and declining regional water availability and quality, largely due to increasing population growth and land-use changes.

The conference highlighted local actions and solutions, moving away from political debates on the causes and/or existence of climate change. Examples on ways the region is starting to prepare for change and becoming more resilient include:
  • Incorporating sea level rise preparedness into comprehensive plans
  • Working with communities to help them assess and identify risk, hazards, and vulnerability to climate change
  • Integrating climate change into sustainability planning
  • Managing runoff with low impact development and stormwater controls
  • Merging public space with green infrastructure
  • Developing climate-resilient crops
  • Adapting to drought through water conservation technology
  • Promoting public participation in state fisheries management
  • Building resilient communities through public engagement

-- Alex Score